You may be employing a vintage Leica rangefinder from the’50s or’60s, a Japanese SLR from the’80’s or’90s, however the film medium still remains the same. Sure, the newer ones do have autofocus and auto exposure, but apart from that, the basic means of using film cameras is virtually the same. You take your shot, you finish your roll, process it, and get your prints, or as more people do these days, get em scanned. You don’t know what you’ve shot until afterwards
Processing your personal film can be a very fun experience, especially once guess what happens you’re doing (and it’s not really that hard, specially when processing black and white film) – in addition it saves a great deal of money, as photo labs that also do film have the ability to charge pretty ridiculous amounts for processing and printing/scanning film
Film comes in many formats, such as 135 (35mm) film, that will be probably the most commonly used today, as well as medium format (120, 220 etc.) which is still used today by professionals.
In this post I am going to go over the most popular 35mm film, which will be what I have already been using, and the different types, the various brands, and other factors that will help teach you how your photographs can in fact vary (and improve) on the basis of the film you utilize
To begin with, you can find two basic kinds of film: negative film and slide film (reversal film)
Negative film is what most of you most likely purchased as a kid, if at all. This film is processed into’negatives ‘, where your images show being an inversion of the standard image i.e. light is dark, dark is light. Negative film comes in both color and black and white. Color negatives are now and again called “C41” – this name comes from the most common means of developing color negative films, which is C41. Black and white film is still called…well, black and white film
Slide film (or reversal film) is another sort of film that I mentioned. Much less commonly used everyday as negative film, so far as I know, slide film is processed into color transparencies, not negatives – i.e. the developed film strip could have the same colors as the initial picture, unlike negatives where the colors are inverted. This is beneficial, as you can simply contain the transparency to a source of light, and view the image, albeit in a tiny (36x24mm frame) size. A slide viewer is just a little device with a light source and a magnifying lens: simply play your transparencies (slides) into the device, and you see a bigger version of the image – no printing or scanning necessary to preview your shots. As far as I know, only color slide film has been manufactured currently. The past black and white slide film was the Agfa Scala film, has been discontinued for years now – however, if you truly wish to get your black and white shots as transparencies, there are quite a few types of processing ordinary black and white negative film which develops the negative film in to a positive strip of transparencies. Lots of people send their black and white negatives to an organization called DR5, who specialize in this method – however, do remember that this is NOT black and white slide film, but simply a process of making transparencies from negative film
An essential difference between negative and slide film could be the exposure tolerance. Negative film is very flexible, and allows incorrectly exposed shots to be fixed to a good deal. Slide film is generally not too forgiving. This is practical whenever you know that you often view slide film directly (through a fall viewer or something), where as in an adverse, you have to either scan it or print it – it’s in this printing or scanning procedure that the exposure can be fixed. Some claim that slides may be exposure-corrected in the event that you print or scan them too, although some still insist that slide film is definitely not as tolerant as negatives. However, as a general rule, remember that negative film is unquestionably more flexible than reversal slide film, and if you’re using slide film be sure to get your exposure spot on.